2 Heart Disease


Heart Attack

A heart attack occurs when a blood clot suddenly cuts off some or most of the flow of blood to the heart.  Cells in the heart muscle that do not receive enough oxygen-carrying blood begin to die. The more time that passes without treatment to restore blood flow, the greater the damage to the heart.

If you suspect you are having a heart attack, call 911.  It is VERY important that you get help quickly.  The faster you receive help when you have a heart attack, the less damage to your heart.  Damage to the heart is permanent so don't delay!

Who is most at risk for a Heart Attack?
Heart attacks strike both men and women; however, some persons are more likely than others to have a heart attack because of their "risk factors."  Risk factors are behaviors or conditions that increase the chance of a disease. 

Please note:  even if you don't have any of the risk factors mentioned below you could still have a heart attack.  Click here for heart attack symptoms.

Factors that increase the risk of a heart attack are:

Factors you cannot control

 Pre-existing coronary heart diseases, including a previous heart attack, a prior angioplasty or bypass surgery, or angina
 Age - In men, the risk of heart attack increases after age 45; in women, the risk increases after age 55.
 Family history of heart attack or heart disease - a father or brother diagnosed before age 55; or a mother or sister diagnosed before age 65.

Factors you can control

 Stop Smoking
 High blood pressure
 High blood cholesterol
 Eating Healthy

Risk factors do not add their effects in a simple way. Rather, they multiply each otherís effects. So, it is very important to prevent or control heart attack risk factors that can be modified. If you have one or more of these factors, see your health care provider to find out how to reduce your risk of having a first or repeat heart attack.

What is a Heart Attack?  *  Heart Attack Symptoms  *  What to do if you think you are having a Heart Attack  *  Reducing Heart Attack Risk  *  Testing for Heart Attack  * Heart Attack FAQs





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